Micro-nutrients Deficiency Control Programme

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The program strives at reducing or eliminating micronutrient deficiency among the most vulnerable population, particularly women and children.

In 1999, NaNA, in collaboration with MRC conducted the first National Micronutrient Survey in The Gambia. The survey showed a mild and severe prevalence of vitamin A (VAD) among women and children respectively, a mild to moderate prevalence of Iodine Deficiency Disorders (IDD) and a high prevalence of iron deficiency (IDA) among the pregnant and lactating women and children.


The following intervention programs were designed to reduce the prevalence:

  • Vitamin A supplementation program – to supplement all children 6 - 59 months and post-partum mothers within eight weeks of delivery with a high dose supplement.
  • Establishment and/or expansion of Community gardens in more than 100 communities in LRR and URR
  • Salt Iodization Programme - working with the communities and other partners to increase salt production, improve the quality of the salt produced and to iodize it. Iodized salt is now being produced in the Gambia mainly from Bintang, Darsilameh, and Joulie
  • Mobile Salt Iodization plant in use: A team of NaNA staff and other personnel carry out a countrywide iodization exercise iodizing salts for both small and large scale producers and dealers at no cost to them,
  • World Food Programme now buying iodized salt locally for the School Feeding Programme expecting to reach nearly 120,000 school children
  • NaNA and WFP worked on an operational research using a multi-package approach to address the issue of anemia among pregnant women, lactating mothers and children under five. This has now been adopted by the Agency and is being scaled up in 100 communities in the LRR and URR
  • Development and production of IEC/BCC materials to increase awareness of micronutrient deficiency among population
  • IEC/BCC messages such as spots and jingles on VAD and IDD developed and aired over the TV and radio.